Seizures are uncontrolled electrical activities in the brain and may produce a physical convulsion, minor physical signs, thought disturbances or a combination of symptoms.
The type of symptoms and seizures depends on where the abnormal electrical activity takes place in the brain, what its cause is and such factors as the individual’s age and general state of health.
The two main groups are focal/partial seizures that occur in just one part of the brain, while generalized occur on both sides of the brain.
Seizures can be caused by head injuries, brain tumors, lead poisoning, mal-development of the brain, genetic and infectious illnesses and fevers.
Myths are common misconceptions, a commonly-held but false beliefs. The myths in the first aid for seizures are bizarre and difficult to execute at all times
- Putting something in the mouth or trying to hold the tongue so that it will not be swallowed. This is false because the tongue is held in place by muscles and will not drop down throat during seizures.
- Restraining the individual or giving liquids during or immediately after seizures.
- If you touch the person, you’ll also begin to have seizures. Seizures are non-communicable diseases.
ESSENTIAL FIRST AID TIPS
- Lay the person down gently on a soft surface, place a folded jacket or pillow under his/her head and look for any medical identification. The soft surface will ensure the person doesn’t sustain bruises and cuts
- Do not restrain or tie the person; instead, turn their heads to one side in order to keep the airways open and to protect it in case of vomiting
- Loosen ties, shirt collars and clothing and remove glasses.
- Reassure the person when she regains consciousness
- If seizure lasts less than 5 minutes (single seizure), ask for history of seizure to ascertain if hospital evaluation is necessary.
- If seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes (multiple seizure), or the person is pregnant, injured or diabetic, call for help and take to any hospital nearest to you.
Seizures are culturally tagged as a menace and many do not want to associate with a person currently having seizures or with a history of seizure. Helping with the tips above can save a life and understand that the myths are nothing but cultural barricades out of fear and ignorance of this condition.