Classroom management refers to the processes teachers or instructors use in building and maintaining a strong relationship with students and encouraging them to take part in their learning.
It seeks to ensure classes run smoothly, keep at minimum the disorderly behaviour of students and create a learning environment that is conducive to successful learning.
Classroom management is an essential skill every teacher should have because it helps teachers plan and prepare a variety of learning materials.
It allows teachers to build strong relationships with students, helps to build excitement in the classroom, creates a suitable class charter and generally ensures both the students and the teacher get the most out of the classroom experience.
Effective classroom management has a significant impact on students’ behaviour and their overall learning experience. These strategies create a positive and productive learning environment and enhance student’s social and emotional development. They improve positive interactions between students which leads to a decrease in bullying.
On the other hand, poor classroom management can lead to disruptions, and hinder academic and social development.
Here are some of the effects of classroom management on students’ behaviour.
Positive Effects of Effective Classroom Management
1. Improved Learning Environment
Effective classroom management creates a safe, orderly and conducive learning environment where students feel comfortable, valued and respected. This environment enhances concentration and learning.
2. Reduced Disruptions
Clear and consistent rules and expectations help minimise disruptions and maintain focus on the lesson. This allows for more productive teaching and learning.
3. Increased Engagement
When students know what is expected of them and feel secure, they are more likely to actively participate in class activities, ask questions and engage with the subject matter.
4. Enhanced Social Skills
Classroom management practices often involve teaching students important social skills like respect, communication and conflict resolution. These skills can positively impact their behaviour and relationships with peers.
5. Positive Teacher-Student Relationships
Effective classroom management fosters positive teacher-student relationships. Students are more likely to respect and cooperate with teachers who are fair and consistent in their approach.
6. Emotional Regulation
Classroom management can help students develop emotional regulation skills. They learn to manage frustration, anger and stress, leading to improved self-control and behaviour.
7. Ownership of Behaviour
Effective classroom management encourages students to take responsibility for their actions and behaviour. They learn that their choices have consequences, which can promote self-discipline.
Negative Effects of Poor Classroom Management
1. Disruptions and Distractions
Poor classroom management can lead to frequent disruptions, making it difficult for students to focus on learning. This affects academic progress and can lead to frustration for both students and teachers.
2. Anxiety and Stress
Poor management practices may create an environment where students feel anxious, stressed, or uncertain about their behaviour and expectations. This can negatively impact their emotional well-being.
3. Behavioural Issues
Inconsistent or unclear classroom management may lead to behavioural issues such as disrespect, defiance, or rebellion among students. These behaviours can escalate if not addressed effectively.
4. Decreased Engagement
When students feel uncomfortable or disrespected, they are less likely to engage in classroom activities, which can hinder their academic and personal development.
5. Teacher Burnout
Ineffective classroom management can lead to teacher burnout as educators struggle to maintain order and focus on teaching. This can impact both teachers’ and students’ well-being.
6. Negative Peer Relationships
Poor classroom management may result in students developing negative relationships with their peers. This can lead to bullying, cliques and social exclusion.
It’s important to note that effective classroom management is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Strategies may need to be adapted to the specific needs and dynamics of each classroom and age group.
Teachers who invest time in developing strong classroom management skills can create a more positive and productive learning environment that fosters positive student behaviour and academic success.
Researched by: Aduloju Oluwatoyosi Afolabi